Acadian Flag Sieur de la Roque 1752 Census for Prince Edward Island/Ile Saint Jean

Page 8 - Prince Edward Island


Census of Pointe de l'Est


Noel Pinet, ploughman, native of l'Acadie, aged 70 years, he has been twelve years in the country. Married to Rose Henry, native of l'Acadie, aged 50 years.

They have with them one son and one daughter:-

Charles Pinet, aged 18 years.
Anne, aged 13 years.

In live stock, they have three oxen, two cows, one heifer, one mare, seven wethers, and nine pigs.

The land upon which they are settled was granted to them by Messieurs Duchambon and Dubuisson. They have made a clearing on it where they ordinarily sow fourty bushels of grain yearly, and will sow that quantity of seed next spring if they are given the seed.


Antoine Dechevery, fisherman and ploughman, native of Bayonne, aged 40 years, he has been 25 years in the colony. Married to Marie Pinet, native of Canada, aged 30 years.

They have six children, five sons and one daughter:-

Denis Dechevery, aged 11 years.
Antoine, aged 10 years.
François, aged 8 years.
Pierre, aged 6 years.
Jean, aged 4 years.
Marie, aged 6 months.

In stock, they have six oxen, one cow, one heifer, two calves, one mare, six ewes, four pigs, and three hens.

The land upon which they are settled was given to them by Noel Pinet, their father. They have made a clearing where they could sow 36 bushels of grain in the coming spring.


Jean Baptiste Pinet, fisherman and ploughman, native of Quebec, aged 41 years. Married to Jeanne Pillot, native of La Rochelle, aged 24 years.

They have three sons:-

Charles Pinet, aged 4 years.
Bazille, aged 3 years.
Jean Baptiste, aged 2 years.

In stock they have: two oxen, one cow, one calf, and four pigs.

The land upon which they are settled is part of the homestead of their father. They have made a clearing where they could sow twenty bushels of grain if it were given to them.


Pierre Pinet, ploughman, native of Petit Degrat, aged 24 years. Married to Geneviève Trahant, native of l'Acdie, aged 22 years.

They have three sons:-

Jean Pinet, aged 3 years.
Pierre, aged 2 years.
Paul, aged 6 weeks.

They have in stock two oxen, two cows, one calf, one wether, and one pig.

They are settled on the homestead of Noel Pinet, their father. They have made a clearing where they could sow thirty bushels of grain if they had it.


Moving Onwards!


We left on the 13th and took the route for l'Etang du Noffrage, following the sea shore continually for the six leagues at which the distance from the Post at Pointe de l'Est to l'Etang du Noffrage is estimated.

In this distance we met with nothing worthy of notice. The land is a desert owing to the occurance of the fire, but a short distance inland the country is covered with hardwood and the soil was good for the production of all kinds of grain and roots; everything coming up in abundance. Owing to the lack of seed grain the settler here was unable to seed his land this year, but the small quantity of wheat which he was able to sow is amongst the finest in the Island. The ears are long, large, and well filled. The Etang du Noffrage runs a quarter of a league inland to the south-west. The breadth averages 80 toises. At the extremity of the étang, a long brook, which never dries up, discharges its water. This brook is supplied from two large springs lying at a distance of two leagues and a half inland to the west-south-west. The brook contains sufficient water to run flour and saw mills, but as regards the latter they are considered useless as there is no timber suitable for sawing, all the hardwood, growing in the surrounding district being good, at best for the building of boats.

We left on the 14th for St. Pierre du Nord. We counted the distance between the two points as six leagues by the road. We saw nothing on the way that calls for a description.


Description of Havre St. Pierre


The harbour at St. Pierre lies on the north coast of the Isle St. Jean. It is well suited for the pursuit of cod fishing, the fish being as a rule more abundant here than at Ile Royale; but, in truth, of a quality much inferior to those of the latter island. A market for the cod is found at Louisbourg, as well as with the merchants of that town, for shipment with the consignments they make to the islands of America. The lands around St. Pierre are suitable for cultivation and the settlers successfully follow the occupations of fishing and of cultivating the soil.

The lands that have been seeded this year present one of the most beautiful scenes that anyone could desire to witness.

The entrance of the harbour is formed by sand dunes. It is estimated that the entrance is 350 toises across, the sand dunes lying east and west. The channel is navigable only for vessels having a draft of eight or nine feet, and at high tide the channel runs north and south with a depth everywhere of from 15 to 16 feet of water, and if it were not for the bar and shallows that have been thrown up by the different currents, vessels of 300 tons burden could make their passage without any difficulty. In order to enter the harbour, it is necessary to follow the lines of the sand dunes at a distance of 100 toises, on the west side, afterwards passing at a distance of 20 to 30 toises at the utmost, the fish drying grounds of le Sieur Aubin.

It is believed that if an embankment were constructed at the foot of the sand dune on the east side of the harbour to the border of the channel, sufficiently high to force the currents to flow into and out of the harbour, of St. Pierre as well as the main body of the river to pass through the said channel from that point, the currents would be diverted from the flat ground, and become sufficiently rapid to clear away the bar which proves the greatest impediment to the navigation of the harbour. The settlement at the harbour of St. Pierre is deemed to be one of considerable importance now, as much because of the trade connected to the fisheries, as of that which might be carried on in the interior of the Isle, were it, as it seems likely to be, well settled. When one considers seriously all that might be accomplished to make this trade solid and durable, it becomes apparent that the cultivation of the land, and the raising of live stock of all descriptions must be regarded as the pivot on thich the whole ought to turn. It must be remembered that so long as the fishermen are obliged to procure all their fishing equipment, supplies, and food from the merchants of Louisbourg, or other itinerant traders, they will, owing to the excessive prices they have to pay for what merchandise they require, and the moderate prices they receive for their fish, always find themselves conducting their fishery operations at a loss.

On the other hand, if the settlers had the power of making from their own produce the bread, butter, meat, clothes and linen, to supply their principal wants, and the fishermen were obliged to procure only their salt, lines, hooks, etc., from the aforesaid merchants, they would be able to sell their fish at the lowest price, and reap a substantial profit.


Census of St. Pierre du Nord.


Louis Beaulieu, ploughman, native of ____ ____ _ _ aged 54 years. Married to Margueritte Oudy, native of l'Acadie, aged 34 years.

They have seven children, three sons and four daughters:-

Pierre Beaulieu, aged 19 years.
Jean Louis, aged 13 years.
Jasques, aged 1 year.
Marie Jeanne, aged 11 years.
Helenne, aged 7 years.
Marie Louise, aged 6 years.
Margueritte, aged 3 years.

They own the following live stock: Four oxen, three cows, two bulls, one sow, five pigs, one ram, twelve ewes, and three fowls.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the north bank of the river St. Pierre. It was granted to them in 1736 by Messrs. Despiet de Pensens and Dubuisson. The grant has been homologated by Messieurs de Brouillant and Le Normand. It contains five arpents, eight perches, nine feet of front facing on the said river with a depth extending from the bank of the said river to the dunes.

They have made on said grant a large piece of pasture land, with a clearing, on which they have sown twenty bushels of wheat, two bushels of peas, and there remains fallow land sufficient for the sowing of twenty-four bushels of seed which they have not seeded for want of grain.


Jean Oudy, fisherman and ploughman, native of l'Acadie, aged 29 years, he has been in the country 22 years. Married to Marie Blanchard, native of l'Acadie, aged 23 years.

They have Jean Baptiste, their son, aged 10 months.

Rosalie Blanchard, her sister, aged 9 years.

They have in live stock two cows, one mare, ten ewes, two sows, and eleven fowls or chickens.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the north side of the river St. Pierre. They have been there since the month of August last by the verbal permission of M. de Bonnaventure. They have made a clearing on it where they have sown two bushels and a half of wheat, one bushel of peas, and half a bushel of oats.


Jean Lacroix dit Canniche, fisherman and ploughman, native of Bayonne, aged 40 years, he has been 26 years in the colony. Married to Cecille Oudy, native of l'Acadie, aged 39 years.

They have five children, three sons, and two daughters:-

[No children listed]

In live stock they have six oxen, four cows, one bull, fifteen ewes, one calf, six lambs, two sows, and five fowls.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the north side of the river Saint-Pierre. It contains, fronting the said river _________ arpents, ______ perches, and _____ feet and in depth extending back to the dunes. They have made a clearing on which they have sown nine bushels of wheat and one bushel of peas and there remains a piece of fallow land sufficient for the sowing of nine bushels.


Martin Tchiparé, fisherman and ploughman, native of Bayonne, aged 38 years, he has been 24 years in the colony. Married to Marie Oudy, native of l'Acadie, aged 36 years.

They have six children, three sons and three daughters:-

Jacques Martin, aged 14 years.
Pierre, aged 8 years.
Martin, aged 2 years.
Marie Anne, aged 13 years.
Cecile, aged 11 years.
Magdelaine, aged 4 years.

Guillaume Gallet, native of ____, aged 22 years, domestic to the said Tchiparé.

They have in live stock five oxen, one cow, two heifers, one calf, five wethers, three ewes, two lambs, two pigs, three sows, eight geese, ten hens, together with one boat.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the north side of the river Saint-Pierre. It was granted to them by deed, but they were unable to produce the title to us having lost it. They have made a clearing on which they have sown twelve bushels of wheat and a bushel and a half of peas and they will have sufficient fallow land for the sowing of nine bushels.


Claude Oudy, fisherman and ploughman, poor, native of l'Acadie, aged 40 years, he has been in the country 30 years. Married to Angelique Potier, native of Beaubassin, aged 29 years.

They have eight children, two sons and six daughters:-

Claude Oudy, aged 12 years.
Jean Baptiste, aged 5 years.
Marie Henriette, aged 8 years.
Cecille, aged 6 years.
Monique, aged 4 years.
Marie Joseph, aged 3 years.
Marie Anne, aged 2 years.
Marie Magdelaine, aged one month.

They have in live stock one ox, six wethers, two ewes, one pig, and fifty-six fowls or chickens.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the north side of the river Saint-Pierre. It was granted to them by Messieurs de Pensens and Dubuisson, and homologated by Messieurs de Brouillant and Lenormand. They have made a clearing on it in which they have sowed two bushels of wheat, and there remains fallow land in which they might sow twenty bushels.


The widow of Jaques Oudy, native of l'Acadie, aged 55 years, she has been in the country 24 years.

She had seven children, four sons, and three daughters:-

Pierre Oudy, aged 28 years.
Joseph, aged 20 years.
Etienne, aged 16 years.
Charles, aged 14 years.
Anne, aged 24 years.
Magdelaine, aged 17 years.
Cecille, aged 12 years.

In live stock she has eight oxen, four sows, two bulls, two heifers, eight wethers, ten ewes, eight pigs, thirty geese and eight fowl.

The land on which she is settled is situated on the north side of the river Saint-Pierre. It was granted by Messieurs de Pensens and Potier Dubuisson, and homolgated by Messieurs de Brouillant and Le Normant under date the 20th July, 1736. It contains 5 arpents, 6 perches, facing on the said river with a depth including all to the dunes.They have made a clearing on it where they have sown twenty-four bushels of wheat, six bushels of peas, six bushels of oats and one of linseed, and still have sufficient fallow land for another twenty-two bushels.


Jacques Oudy, fisherman and ploughman, native of l'Acadie, aged 30 years, he has been on the island 24 years. Married to Magdelaine Dousset, native of l'Acadie, aged 26 years.

They have Marie Magdelaine, their daughter, aged 9 months.

In stock, they have two cows, four ewes, one sow, and three pigs.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the north of the river Saint-Pierre. The only title they have is that of possession, and permission from Monsieur de Bonnaventure, the King's Commandant on the Isle. On it, they have made a clearing for the sowing of three bushels of wheat and one bushel of peas.


Jean Baptiste Vescot, ploughman, native of the parish of Saint Jouachim, bishopric of Quebec, aged 62 years, he has been in the country 24 years. Married to Marie Chiasson, native of Beaubassin, in the bishopric aforesaid.

They have six children, three sons and three daughters:-

Jean Baptiste, aged 22 years.
Pierre, aged 16 years.
Joseph, aged 14 years.
Angélique, aged 24 years.
Anne, aged 20 years.
Rosalie, aged 8 years.

In live stock they have the following: eight oxen, eight cows, eight calves, one horse, one mare, thirty ewes or wethers, seventeen pigs, twenty-one geese, eleven turkeys and twelve fowls and also a flour mill situated between Saint Pierre and the Pointe de l'Est.

The land on which they are settled is situated to the north-east of the harbour of Saint-Pierre. They have made a clearing on it where they have sown forty bushels of wheat, eleven bushels of oats, three bushels of peas, and four bushels of rye, and there still remains fallow land sufficient for the sowing of thirty-two bushels. They hold the said land under grant from Messieurs de Pensens and Dubuisson, under date of the 18th of July, 1736. The said land contains five arpents frontage by a depth extending to the dunes, said to be ten arpents. They enjoy another piece of land which is a sort of a marsh, where they make their hay, situated at Grand Etang in the north part of this isle, under a certificate of the late Monsieur Potier Dubuisson, dated the 22nd July, 1738, in which it is stated that half of this land is given to them, and the other half to Jacques Oudy and that with the consent of Monsieur de Pensens.


Pierre Bonnière, tailor and ploughman, native of the parish of Raquiel, bishopric of Rennes, aged 43 years, he came from l'Acadie with his family to this isle two years ago. Married to Magdelaine Forest, native of Cobequit, in the said Acadia, aged 35 years.

They have six children, three sons, and three daughters:-

Michel Joseph, aged 17 years.
Jean Jacques, aged 16 years.
Charles, aged 8 years.
Marie Madelaine, aged 19 years.
Rose, aged 14 years.
Anne, aged 11 years.

They have the following live stock: three oxen, two cows, one calf, one sow, four ewes, eleven fowls.

The land upon which they are settled is situated half a league in the interior of the lands in the south part of the settlement of said Pierre du Nord. It was given to them verbally by Monsieur de Bonnaventure. On it, they have only made a clearing for a garden.

The said Sr. Bonnière occupies another piece of land that he has purchased from Anne Daigre, widow of the late Etienne Poitevin situated to the south of the farm of Sr. François Douville, at Pointe St. Pierre. They have made a clearing on it on which they have sown eight bushels of wheat.


Pierre Bonnier, junior, ploughman, native of l'Acadie, aged 21 years, he has been in the country two years. Married to Anne Granger, native of l'Acadie, aged 21 years.

They have in stock, one ox, one cow, and eight fowls.

The land on which they have settled is situated to the south-west of the property of Pierre Bonnière, their father. It was given to them verbally by Monsieur de Bonnaventure. On it they have made a clearing on which they have sown five bushels of wheat, and they have fallow land besides sufficient for the sowing of another five bushels.


Mathurin Thenière, fisherman and ploughman, native of Avranches, Normandy, aged 60 years, he has been in the country 10 years. Married to Anne Daigre, native of l'Acadie, aged 80 years.

They have Anne Noyer, their grand-daughter, aged 8 years.

One cow, with her calf.

The land upon which they are settled is situated in the interior at half a league distance from the parish on the King's Highway to Grande Source. On it, they have made a clearing on which they have sown one bushel and a half of wheat.


François Legendre, ploughman, native of Sainte-Malo, Brittany, aged 27 years, he has been in the country two years. Married to Margueritte Labauve, native of l'Acadie, aged 25 years.

They have Henrietta Legendre, their daughter, aged 18 months.

They have in live stock two oxen, two cows, one pig, and three fowls.

The land upon which they are settled is situated on the south of the havre Saint-Pierre. It was given to them verbally by Monsieur de Bonnaventure. They have made on it a large clearing and sown two bushels and a half of wheat and one bushel and a half of peas.


Charles Emmanuel, ploughman, native of l'Acadie, aged 45 years; he has been in the country two years. Married to Claire Daigre, native of l'Acadie, aged 52 years.

They have five sons and one daughter:-

Jean Emanuel, aged 18 years.
Marcel, aged 15 years.
Pierre, aged 13 years.
Alexis, aged 10 years.
Paul, aged 8 years.
Marie, aged 16 years.

In stock, they have three oxen, three cows, one heifer, two calves, and two pigs.

The land upon which they are settled is situated to the south of the Havre St. Pierre, half a league in the interior. It was given to them verbally by Monsieur de Bonnaventure. They have made a clearing and sowed on it one bushel of peas, and they still have fallow land for the sowing of 24 bushels the coming spring.


Mr. Delaborde, merchant, native of Coulumbe, archbishopric of Paris, aged 48 years, he has been in this country 11 years. Married to Anne Verrien, native of this place, aged 27 years.

They have by their marriage two sons:-

François, aged 8 years.
Louis, aged 2 years.

They have in live stock four oxen, one horse, eleven ewes, and eight fowls.

The land they occupy was given to them verbally by Messieurs Duchambon and Dubuisson, in 1742. They have made a clearing where they can sow thirty-two bushels of grain the coming spring.

The said Sr. Delaborde owns a boat.


Pierre Dubocq, native of Rouen, aged 42 years, he has been in the country twenty years. Married to Suzanne Lemercier, native of Saint-Machoux, bishopric of Rouen, aged 50 years.

They have four children, two sons and two daughters:-

Pierre, aged 16 years.
Jacques, aged 9 years.
Magdelaine, aged 16 years.
Marie, aged 11 years.

Their live stock consists of two ewes and eight fowls.

The land upon which they are settled was given to them verbally by Messieurs Duchambon and Dubuisson in 1743. They have made a clearing on it where they can sow ten bushels of grain, if they are given it for they appear to be in very great indigence.


Suzanne Berloin, widow of the late George Mansel, native of the town and parish of Saint-Jean d'Angelly, aged 45 years, she has been 33 years in this country.

She had the following live stock: seven oxen, two cows, eighteen ewes, six pigs, three sows, twenty-four geese, six turkeys, and thirty-two fowls or chickens.

The land upon which she is settled was given to her verbally by Messieurs Duchambon and Dubuisson in 1741, the extent she does not know. She has made a clearing on which she has sown ten bushels of wheat, one bushel of peas, and one bushel of oats, and has sufficient land remaining for the sowing of twenty bushels of grain.


François Durrocher, ploughman, native of the bishopric of Rennes, aged 80 years, he has been in the country 33 years. Married to Elizabeth Brunau, native of Sainte in Xaintonge, aged 69 years.

All their live stock consists of one cow with her calf.

The land upon which they are settled was sold to them by the late Etienne Thomas in 1726, for the sum of 112 livres. They have made a clearing on which 24 bushels of wheat could be sown.


Guillaume Patris, fisherman and ploughman, native of Saint Brieux, aged 38 years, he has been in the country 20 years. Married to Françoise Chiasson, widow of the late Guillaume Gallet, native of l'Acadie, aged 46 years.

They have six children, four sons and two daughters:-

Guillaume Gallet, aged 22 years.
François Gallet, aged 12 years.
George Patris, aged 8 years.
Paul, aged 5 years.
François, aged 15 years.
Angélique, aged 7 years.

They have in live stock: two oxen, two cows, one calf, six wethers, one pig, two geese, and eight turkeys.

The land on which they are settled was granted to them in form by Messieurs Aubert and Dubuisson in 1723, but they cannot produce the deed, it having been burnt in the fire of 1724. They have made a clearing, where they have sown three bushels of wheat, and they have fallow land besided for the sowing of thirty-seven bushels.


Next page: St. Pierre du Nord - continued...


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