Map of British North America, c.a. 1800

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From a scan by Laing MacDowell

We regret to inform you that we have learned Laing passed away last year. He was a strong supporter of the Island Register, and he will be truly missed by all who knew him.

"MACDOWELL, Charles Laing - Died peacefully at the Credit Valley Hospital after a short illness on June 25, 2010. Born on November 4, 1920 in Summerside, Prince Edward Island to Arthur and Melissa MacDowell. Enlisted in the Canadian Armed Forces in 1942. Predeceased by his wife Doreen Weeks from Sault Ste. Marie. Worked for the Bank of Nova Scotia as Bank Manager in Fort William, St. Thomas and Toronto until his retirement. Survived by his daughter Heather Loria of Long Island, NY and son Ross MacDowell of Kitchener, as well as four grandchildren Vincent, Colleen and Christina Loria and Cameron MacDowell. He enjoyed skating, curling and golfing. Volunteered with the CNIB, Masons, Scouting, Lakeshore Rehab and the Bank of Nova Scotia Pensioners club. Active on his computer composing poetry, researching genealogy and keeping in contact with many friends and family across Canada via email. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions can be made to a charity of one's choice. Luncheon to be held at Amica Retirement Home at 4620 Kimbermount Avenue, Mississauga on July 14th from 12 until 3 p.m. Visitation at Ridley's Funeral Home at 3080 Lakeshore Boulevard West, Toronto on July 15th from 12 until 2 p.m."
Published in the Toronto Star from July 9 to July 10, 2010

The following map is from a book, ca. 1800 in the possession of Laing. It is a history of the then known world. Unfortunately the book's name, exact date, and author are unknown, as the first several pages are missing. [We have since found the title of the book is A New Geographical, Historical, and Commercial Grammar and Present State of the Kingdoms of the World" and that it was written by William Guthrie, London, 1801. Thanks to Dr. John Banham for this information] While there is no section specifically on St. John's Island, later known as Prince Edward Island, in the book, there is a section on neighbouring Nova Scotia which you should find interesting. I have included the Nova Scotia passage in the hopes that we can identify the exact title of the book, as well as its author and exact date of publication. Below the text, you will find links to view index for the book, so that you will know what areas are covered by it, and so that if any of those areas are of interest to you, you can contact Laing for further information.

Click on the image below to view full size:

Map of British America c.a. 1800

From the book:

[Pgs. 865-867]


Situation and Extent

Boundaries.] Bounded by the River St. Lawrence on the North; by the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the Atlantic Ocean, East; by the ヂme ocean, South; and by Canada and New England, West. In the yeat 1784, this province was divided into two governments & the province and government now フyled New Brunswick , is bounded on the weフward of the irver St. Croix, by the said river to its バurce, and by a line drawn due south from thence to the バuthern boundary of the Province of Quebec, to the northward by the ヂme boundary as far as the weフern extremity of the Bay de Chaleur, to the eastward by the ヂme bay to the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the bay called Bay Verte, to the バuth by a line in the center of the Bay of Fundy, from the river St. Croix aforeヂid, to the mouth of the Muヒuat River, by the ヂid river to its バurce, and from thence by a due eaフ line acroピ the isthmus into the Bay Verte, to join the eaフern lot above described, including all iネands within six leagues of the coaフ.

Rivers.] The River of St. Lawrence forms the northern boundary. The rivers Riトouche and Nipiトuit run from Eaフ to Weデ, and fall into the bay of St. Lawrence. The rivers of St. John, Paャamagnadi, Penobツot, and St. Croix, which run from North to South, fall into Fundy Bay, or the テa a little to the eaフward of it.

Seas, Bays, and Capes.] The テas adjoining to it are, the Atlantic ocean, Fundy Bay, and the gulf of St. Lawrence. The leャer bays are Chignecto and Green Bay upon the isthmus, which joins the north part of the Nova Scotia to the バuth; and the bay of Chaleurs on the north-eaフ; the bay of Chedibucto on the バuth eaフ; the bay of the islands, the ports of Bart, Chebucto, Proパer, St. Margaret, La Heve, port Maltois, port Ryナgnol, port Verte, and port Joly, on the バuth; port La Tour, on the バuth-eaフ; port St. Mary, Annapolis, and Minas, on the バuth side of Fundy Bay, and port Roテway, now the most populous of all.

The chief capes are, Cape Portage, Ecoumenac, Tourmentin, Cape Port and Epis, on the Eaフ. Cape Forgeri, and Cape Canceau, on the バuth-eaフ. Cape Blanco, Cape Vert, Cape Theodore, Cape Dore, Cape Le Heve, and Cape Negro, on the バuth. Cape Sable and Cape Fourche on the バuth-weフ.

Lakes.] The lakes are very numerous, but have not yet received particular names.

Climate.] The climate of this Country, though within the temperate zone, has been found rather unfavorable to European conフitutions. They are wrapt up in the gloom of a fog during great part of the year, and for four or five months it is intenテly cold. But though the cold in winter and the heat in ブmmer are great, they come on gradually, バ as to prepare the body for enduring both.

Soil and Produce.] From ブch an unfavorable climate, little can be expected. Nova Scotia, or New Scotland, till lately was almoフ a continued foreフ; and agriculture, though attempted by Engliド settler, made little progreピ. In moフ parts, the バil is thin and barren, the corn it produces is of a ドrivelled kind, like rye, and the graピ is intermixed with a cold パongy moピ. However, it is not uniformly bad; there are tracts in the peninブla to the バuthward, which do not yield to the beフ land in New England, and by the induフry and exertions of the loyalists from the other provinces, are now cultivated, and likely to be fertile and flouriドing. In general, the バil is adapted to the produce of hemp and flax. The timber is extremely proper for ドip-building, and produces pitch and tar. Flattering accounts have been given of the improvements making in the new テttlement and bay of Funtly [sic]. A quantity of land hath been cleared, which abounds in timber, and ドip loads of good maフs and パars have been ドipped from thence already.

Animals.] This country is not deficient in the animal productions of the neighbouring provinces, particularily deer, beavers, and otters. Wild foul and all manner of game, and many kinds of European fowls and quadrupeds have, from time to time been brought into it, and thrive well. At the cloテ of March, the fiド begin to パawn, when they enter the rivers in ブch ドoals, as are incredible. Herrings come up in April, and the フurgeon and ヂlmon in May. But the moフ valuable appendage of New Scotland is the Cape Sable coaフ, along which is one continues range of cod fiドing-banks, navigable rivers, baバns, and excellent harbours.

History, Settlement, Chief Towns, and Harbours.] Notwithフanding the forbidding appearance of this country, it was here that バme of the ナrフ European テttlements were made. The firフ grant in lands, in it was given by James I to his テcretary Sir William Alexander from whom it had the name of Nova Scotia, or New Scotland. Since then, it has frequently changed hands, from one private proprietor to another, and from the French to the Engliド nation backward and forward. It was not confirmed to the Engliド, till the peace of Ultrect, and their deナgn in acquiring it does not テem to have バ much ariテn from any proパect of direct profit to be obtained from it, a from an apprehenナon that the French, by poャeャing this province, might have had it in their power to annoy our other テttlements. Upon this principle, 3000 families were tranパorted in 1749, at the charge of the government into this country. The town they erected is called Halifax, from the earl of that name, to whoテ wiヅom and care we owe this テttlement. The town of Halifax フands on Chebucto Bay, very commodiouネy ナtuated for the fiドery, and has a communications with moフ parts of the province, either by land carriage, the テa, or navigable rivers, with a fine harbour, where a ノall ヒuadron of ドips of war lies during the winter, and in ブmmer puts to テa, under the command of a commodore, for the protection of the fiドery, and to テe that the articles of the late peace, relative thereto, are duly obテrved by the French. The town has an intrenchment, and is フrengthened with forts of timber. The other towns of leピ note are Annapolis Royal, which フands on the eaフ ナde of the Bay of Fundy, and though but a ノall place, was formerly the capitol of the province. It has one of the fineフ harbours in America, capable of containing a thouヂnd veャels at anchor, in the utmoフ テcurity. St. John's is a new テttlement, at the mouth of the river by that name, that falls into the Bay of Fundy, on the weフ ナde.

Since the concluナon of the American war, the emigration of loyaliフs to this province from the United States, hath been very great, by them new towns have been raiテd, as Shelbourne, which extends two miles on the water ナde, and is ヂid to contain already 9000 inhabitants. Of the old テttlements, the moフ flouriドing and populous are Halifax, and the townships of Windバr, Norton, and Cornwallis, between Halifax and Annapolis. Of the new テttlements, the moフ important are Shelbourne, Parr town, Digby, and New Edinburgh. Large tracts of land have been lately cultivated, and the province is now likely to advance in population and fertility."

Note: If anyone recognizes this text, and can give me the full name of the publication, its author, and date of publication, please contact me!

The following links will take you to images of the book's index, so that you can see what is included. Use your browser's "Back" button to return from each image. If you wish any more information on sections outside of the Maritimes, please email Laing at the address displayed at the top of this page:

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Last Updated: 02/10/2002 7:33:57 AM
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